Soft Tissue Graft (Graft on Top)

Sometimes it is necessary to increase or augment the band of the tissue around the neck of a tooth. This area is referred to as the “attached gingiva.” The area may be associated with some recession on the tooth as well as a thinning of the band of attached gingiva. Grafted tissue can be added to the surface of the area, in order to thicken the band of attached gingiva and sometimes reduce the amount of recession.

Connective Tissue Graft (Graft Underneath)

Often thin gum tissue is associated with recession, root exposure, and root abrasion. The thinness of the tissue makes it susceptible to further root exposure. A graft underneath the existing tissue thickens the tissue band, as well as allowing the tissue to be advanced to cover the exposed root. This will help guard against further recession and will reduce sensitivity to hot or cold.


The strip of tissue connecting the upper lip to the area of gums between the front teeth is known as the frenum. This area can become problematic during orthodontic treatment, especially if the frenum attaches too close to the two front teeth, causing a space between them. If, during orthodontics, spaces are closed and the teeth moved closer together, pressures from tissue and bone can cause those teeth to relapse. Soft tissue and bone has a memory and that memory needs to be erased. Simply removing this band of tissue with a laser, which is now popular, does not sufficiently relieve the pressures. In order to be successful a more comprehensive approach is needed.

Full Mouth Implant Supported Teeth Replacement using Hybrids

Hybrids are a true dental make over. It is for the patient that has been plagued with “bad teeth”. After careful planning hopeless teeth can be removed and multiple implants can be placed. The implants are then attached to a custom prosthesis. This can all be done in one appointment, either on the upper or lower, or both jaws.

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